‘Siguradong sahod’ to substantially reduce poverty


IF I WERE THE NEXT PRESIDENT(Part 3 of a series)


Founder, Buklod National Political Party

If I were the next President, my overarching program is to substantially reduce poverty. There are several aspects to this great undertaking. I will deal first with what I call providing “Siguradong Sahod” to a targeted group–those families within the poverty threshold, as currently defined.

Widespread poverty in the Philippines has been a huge problem ever since one can remember. In fact, poverty has been the driving force for the communist insurgency that started a long time ago and which is still going on today. Widespread poverty continues to grow and all the government administrations since the proclamation of the Second Republic had not been able to stem the tide. I believe this problem has not been given the seriousness and the urgency and sufficiency of action that it rightfully…

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My forays into edibles. What’s yours?

I finally grow edibles!!!

Garden Gleanings

It took me 50 years to grow edibles finally. Since I had been gardening in 1971, I never ventured into planting vegetables except for a couple of tomatoes. I have grown roses, shrubs, bulbs, perennials, and a few trees. I managed to buy a grapevine three years ago, but that was about it for edibles.

With the onslaught of the pandemic last year, I decided to plant some more vegetables and herbs. It was a small step toward edibles.

I tried some herbs: sweet basil, thyme, rosemary, oregano, parsley, and cilantro. Every herb did well except for sweet basils, of which only two survived this year. I had better luck last year. Maybe I overwatered the sweet basil. Cilantro got choked by parsley that grows so huge in the same Grow Box. Thyme, rosemary, and oregano are doing great. I also grow scallions, but they are not green. They are…

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Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner in Your Rose Garden. . .

Rose Gardening World

Series 1 - Japanese Beetles

Photo Credit: Ohio State University

With the summer months come the inevitable unwanted visitors to your garden. They come in droves and devour the leaves, buds, blooms, and even the canes of your roses. Here is one of these creatures which slipped into the Ark when Noah was gathering his flock and now wants to dine in your rose garden.

Adult Japanese beetles are metallic blue-green with copper-wing covers, measuring about ½ inch long and 1/4 inch wide. Japanese beetle larvae (found underground) are C-shaped, plump grayish-white grubs with light brown heads. The larvae grow up to 1 inch long and spend the winter several inches below the soil surface. Adult beetles live for only 30-45 days but can cause significant damage in a short amount of time. They can chew your rose plants away because they eat flower petals and buds and attacked leaves…

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The Wentworth Legacy – Chapter 6

Long Island Past and Present

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

Chapter 5

Emma came home Saturday afternoon. Paul Conley met her at the Oyster Bay railroad station. She could not wait to get home and see her brother, whom she had not seen for three years. The moment Paul parked the motor car in front of the house, she did not even wait for Paul to open the car. She came bouncing out to get in the house.

“Where is he? Where is Mr. Spencer?” she asked Mr. Yates excitedly as he opened the front door. Mr. Yates did not even have to tell her. They heard him running down the stairs, and as soon as he got down the hallway, the two siblings hugged each other.

“Let me look at you. You have grown up to be a beautiful lady,” Spencer said. Emma blushed. She was tall, slim, and fashionable. Her…

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General Miguel Malvar and the Philippine Revolution – Part II


After the revolt of South America and Mexico from Spain, the Philippines became Spain’s richest possession, and the spirit of colonial exploitation grew. In 1896 the Filipinos, led by Emilio Aguinaldo, revolted.

Reforms, as promised by the Spaniards in the Pact of Biak-Na-Bato, were very slow in coming, and small bands of rebels, distrustful of Spanish promises, kept their arms.

In 1898 the United States went to war with Spain. On May 1, 1898, Commodore Dewey arrived in Manila Bay and totally disabled the Spanish fleet. After the U.S. naval victory at Manila Bay, Aguinaldo, with the assistance of the U.S. Navy, returned to the Philippines and the battlefield. With Aguinaldo’s return, the Filipinos, numbering around 12,000, who enlisted under the Spanish flag in the war against America, defected to Aguinaldo’s banner.

Emilio Aguinaldo’s Portrait at Malacañang Palace

Within a month, Aguinaldo established a government with himself as its leader…

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Containing COVID-19



(Part 2 of a series)


Founder, Buklod National Political Party

As President, I will devote my whole six-year term to provide a much more effective, efficient, decisive and widely focused national leadership with the primary objective of transforming the Filipino nation into a fair, just, equitable and economically well-developed society and, thus, take a big leap forward from what it is today.

The centerpiece and overarching program of that transformation is the substantial reduction, if not near eradication, of widespread poverty and hunger.

Through this series of commentaries, I will endeavor to communicate thesignificant programsthat our administration will undertake to achieve that exceedingly challenging transformation objective, but nonetheless a doable pursuit given the zealousness of our purpose.

As mentioned in the first part of this series, there are urgent issues that need to be properly focused at and…

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General Miguel Malvar and the Philippine Revolution – Part 1


Not generally known are the historical facts that Miguel Malvar succeeded Aguinaldo as president of the Philippine Republic, the last revolutionary general to lay down his arms in the war against Spain, and the last Filipino rebel to surrender to the Americans.

Malvar was born in Barrio San Miguel, Santo Tomas, Batangas, on September 27, 1865, the eldest of the three children of Maximo Malvar and Tiburcia Carpio. He and his brother, Potenciano, both attended the Malabanan school in Tanawan, the best secondary institution in Batangas. The Malabanan school moved to the town of Bauan in the 1882-83 school year. Miguel spent two years at the Malabanan school and one more year at another local educational institution. He married Paula Maloles and had 13 children, but only 11 survived. He engaged in commerce for a while, and with his earnings, purchased land on the slopes of Mount Makiling, where he…

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Protection of Philippine Rights on the West Philippine Sea




Founder, Buklod National Political Party (First of a series)

As President, I will devote my whole six-year term to transform Philippine governance and Philippine society into an inclusive, fair and shared economy.

The centerpiece and overarching program of that transformation will be the substantial reduction, if not, near eradication of widespread poverty and hunger.


However, there are current issues that may need to be dealt with urgently and placed in proper focus at the outset of the administration. One of these is theprotection and preservation of the economic right of the Philippines on the West Philippine Sea.

We will assert vigorously and unequivocally the exploitation right of the Philippines over its delineated economic zone within the West Philippine Sea as confirmed without any ambiguity by the Arbitral Award in 2016.

We will assert that right…

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The Wentworth Legacy – Chapter 5

A huge surprise awaits Spencer Wentworth.

Long Island Past and Present

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

Lilly Prescott, dressed in a pale green evening dress, and Alistair Prescott, dressed in white tie and tails, arrived at Wentworth Hall at around 7 PM. Mr. Yates welcomed them. Alistair Prescott handed Mr. Yates his briefcase, who gave it to Frank, the footman, and told him to take it to the library. Mr. Yates then ushered them to the drawing room, where Margaret Wentworth, dressed in a light yellow evening dress, and George Wentworth and Spencer Wentworth, both in white tie and tails, were already having their cocktails.

Mr. Yates tapped the door lightly, opened it, and announced their guests. Margaret and George put their drinks down and stood up to greet them. Spencer did the same thing. Mr. Yates stood in the background, waiting.

“Hello, Spencer. How are you? Sorry to make you come home so soon,” Alistair said as…

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What’s a sport or even a sucker? Not what you think.

Photo Credit: Pinterest

For those new rose growers as well as the experienced rosarians, understanding the Rose Lingo will help you enjoy your newfound hobby of rose gardening to the fullest. Here is an updated list of rose glossary:

AARS – All American Rose Selections

ADR rose – a winner in the German ADR rose trial (Allgemeine Deutsche Rosenneuheitenprüfung). No chemical pesticides have been allowed since 1997.

ARC – American Rose Center

ARS – American Rose Society

Anther – the part of the flower which produces pollen. It is the upper section of the stem.

Axil – The angle between the upper surface of the leaf stalk and the stem that carries it.

Balling – the clinging together of petals in wet weather so that the bloom fails to open and turns to brown color.

Bare-root – a rose dug up at the nursery and sold with no soil around the roots.

Basal shoot – a shoot that emerges from the neck or crown (bud union) of the plant.

Blind shoot – a mature stem which fails to produce a flower.

Bloom – stem having one-bloom-per-stem with no side buds.

Bract – a modified or reduced leaf that occurs beneath and next to a peduncle.

Bud eye – A dormant bud on the axil of a leaf.

Bud stage – Rose should be less than 50% open. Sepals must be down.

Bud Union – the swollen part of the stem where the scion of a grafted rose meets the rootstock.

Calyx – the green protective cover of a rose flower, composed of the 5 sepals.

Cane – one of the main stems of a rose plant.

Coat Hanger –a description for an errant pruning cut on a cane made above a bud-eye leaving excessive length (or a stub) which will wither in time.

Collection Class – multiple stems or blooms in specified classes.

Confused Center –a term used in judging Hybrid Tea roses at a rose show indicating that a bloom has petal alignment faults at its center.

Corolla – the petals of a rose flower considered as a single unit.

Crown – the area on a rootstock where a bud or scion was grafted, and from which the principal growth of it will emanate.

Cultivar – a named rose variety exhibiting distinct and consistent features, indicated by single quotation marks.

Deadheading – removing spent flowers.

Die-back –an expression used to identify a condition of partial or entire cane loss.

Disbudding – removing buds from side or center of spray to improve overall appearance of specimen.

Disease Resistant Roses – Roses that have been bred to resist many diseases. Disease resistant are just that resistant but not immune to disease.

Double – a rose with 21 petals and over.

Foliar feed – a fertilizer capable of being sprayed on and absorbed by the leaves.

Grade No. 1 – refers to the top-quality rosebush available for purchase. Hybrid Teas must have three or more heavy canes at least ½ inch in diameter within three inches of the graft union (crown). At least two of these should be 18 inches long (before being pruned for convenience in handling). Floribundas must meet the same requirements except the canes can be a couple of inches shorter, and Climbers must have canes a few inches longer.

Grafting –the process of inserting a bud or scion into a slit in another stock from which it will draw vital fluids and continue to grow.

Hard Pruning – Rose canes are severely cut back to less than 6″. Not all types of roses respond well to this treatment.

Hilling – A method used to protect roses from winter damage. Material, such as compost, is mounded 10-12 inches around the base of the bush after the ground is frozen.

Hip – the colorful fruit of a rose, large and decorative in some varieties.

Inflorescence – the arrangement of flowers on the stem.

Lateral branch – a side branch which arises from a main stem.

Leaflet – the individual segment of a compound rose leaf.

Node – the point on a stem from which leaves and buds emerge.

Old rose – strictly speaking, a rose introduced before 1867, but more loosely used to describe any rose grown or introduced before 1900.

Once-blooming – a rose that flowers only once in early summer and does not repeat.

Open bloom – roses should be completely open and center stamen visible.

Own root – a rose propagated as a cutting rather than by grafting.

Peduncle – a stalk that supports a single flower or flower cluster.

Pegging – bending the rose cane to the ground to encourage lateral branches.

Petal – the showy, usually colored part of a flower.

Petiole – the stalk by which a leaf attaches to a stem; also, leafstalk.

Pistil – the female reproductive organ of a flower, consisting of carpels, ovary, style, and stigma.

Pith – the spongy material at the center of the stem.

Pollen – the yellow dust produced by the anthers. It is the male element which fertilizes the ovule.

Prickle – the technical term for a rose thorn.

Recurrent flowering – same as repeat flowering.

Remontant – roses that repeat flowers during the season, same as repeat flowering.

Rootstock – the root portion of a plant onto which the scion is grafted; also understock.

Rose Rustler – a person who propagates Old Garden roses from cemeteries and old homes sites. Etiquette requires that permission be obtained if possible before cuttings are taken.

Scion – a shoot grafted onto a rootstock; the “top” of a grafted rose.

Semi-double – a rose with 8-20 petals.

Sepal – one of the five individual, leaflike divisions of the calyx.

Single – a rose with less than 8 petals.

Single-Site –a term used to describe a systemic fungicide’s mode of control. It enters the stem and foliage to neutralize only one site within the fungi’s composition, interrupting its integrity and preventing viable reproduction.

Specimen Class – single stem of any rose variety in specified classes.

Sport – a spontaneous genetic mutation, often resulting in a plant that bears flowers of a different color or with more or fewer petals than the original plant.

Spray – stem that has two or more blooms with or without side buds.

Stamen – the male reproductive organ of a flower, consisting of a filament and anther.

Standard rose – a term used for tree rose.

Stigma – the part of the female organ of the flower which catches the pollen.

Stipule – a small, leaflike appendage that occurs at the base of the petiole.

Sucker – a stem, usually unwanted, that originates from a rootstock.

Sustainable Roses – are those roses that are winter hardy, possess above average insect & disease resistance, and require little or no pesticides in order to remain healthy.

Stage – an exhibition rose that is at its most perfect phase of possible beauty.

Stem-on-stem – Refers to a bloom on a stem that branches off another stem. This Y formation cannot be exhibited.